Following the 1976 Constitution, Trinidad and Tobago is a
parliamentary-democratic republic and a member of the
Commonwealth. The president is constitutional head of state,
while executive power is added to a government expired by
parliament. The House comprises two houses, a direct House
of Representatives with 36 members, elected in the general
election, and a Senate with 31 members appointed by the
President. Sixteen of the senators are appointed on the
proposal of the prime minister, 6 on the proposal of the
opposition leader while 9 are nominated by the president.
Parliament is elected for five years. The president is
elected by a college of representatives from the House of
Representatives and the Senate; he is sitting for five years
with the possibility of one re-election.
Administratively, the country is divided into nine
regions, two urban areas and three other boroughs.
Tobago gained internal autonomy in 1987. The island is run
by a congregation house with 12 members elected in general
elections for four years.
The judiciary is based on English common law.
The Supreme Court is the Supreme Court, consisting of the
Supreme Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal. The
Supreme Court justices lead both departments; the first
together with from 6 to 16 other judges, the second with six
other appellate judges. Appeals can also go all the way to
the British Privy Council. A number of local
district courts function as first instance courts.
Weights and Measures
Dimensions and weight are British and metric.
The defense of Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago have no navy or air force. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how TNT can stand for Trinidad and Tobago. The
defense forces consist of the army and the Coast Guard. The
total force numbers for the Trinidad and Tobago Armed Forces
are about 4050 active personnel, of which about 3000 are
Army personnel and 1050 Coast Guard personnel (2018, IISS).
The army is easily equipped. The Coast Guard has 26
patrol vessels, two light transport aircraft, and three