What is politics?
Politics do not only make politicians. Everything that doesn't happen in your
apartment is politics. Because everything that happens in public (e.g.
playgrounds, traffic, school, police) is regulated by politics.
* Incidentally, the word politics is derived from the Greek word POLIS
(city) and meant the right of all citizens of a city to have a say in their
Politics are mostly - but not only - made by adults. Politicians are people
who are given certain tasks (offices) by the residents in an election (mayor,
minister, etc.). Politicians are usually elected every four years. They
represent the interests of the people. Of course, not only the adults belong to
the people, but also children and young people. Children (or anyone under the
age of 16) are not yet allowed to vote. ( You can only vote
for the Bundestag when you are 18.)
Politicians belong to different parties. In Germany there are many parties,
but only a few are elected to parliaments, councils or committees and can have a
say. By and large, the members of a party have common ideas as to which
decisions are right for a city or a village, a federal state or for the whole of
The politicians who jointly decide in one place or one federal state or in
the Bundestag often have different opinions. They discuss the different ideas
and then vote. The proposal that receives the most votes is then carried out.
The world is made up of six continents: Africa, America, Asia, Europe,
Oceania and Antarctica. But it was not always so. In the beginning of time, 200
or 540 million years ago, the Earth was formed by a single 'supercontinent'
called Pangea. It slowly divided until it formed the pieces like the ones we
know today and see on maps.
This division happened because of the movement of the tectonic plates,
gigantic blocks that make up the outer solid layer of the planet. They are
responsible for sustaining continents and oceans. Currently, the Earth is
estimated to have 12 major tectonic plates and other smaller subplates.
The largest continent in the world is Asia, followed by American, African,
Antarctic, European and Oceania. What separates the regions are the oceans,
cases of the Pacific and Atlantic.
The earth's surface is built by moving plates. The action gains strength with
the release of energy from the Earth's crust, usually due to the shock between
the tectonic plates, and is the cause of earthquakes and transient tremors.
Depending on the intensity of this phenomenon, it can cause great destruction,
with the possibility of even splitting a continent.
All movement on the surface is capable of affecting the oceans as well,
causing so-called earthquakes (huge waves known as tsunamis). They are those
that reach the continental areas causing chaos in the coastal cities. The
continents bordering the Pacific Ocean and countries like Japan, the
Philippines, Indonesia, New Zealand, Haiti, the United States and Chile are the
most threatened by earthquakes or tsunami.
for general characteristics of the Asian continent, the largest and most
populous on the planet.
The Asian continent is the largest and most populous
continent in the world. There are 4.3 billion inhabitants spread over 44.479.000
kmē and 50 countries, also presenting the highest demographic densities (number
of inhabitants per kmē) on the planet. It is bathed by three oceans: on the east
by the Pacific, on the north by the Arctic Glacier and on the south by the
Indian Ocean. In its western portion, in addition to bordering Europe, it is
also bordered by the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.
The Asian continent has a varied relief. Interestingly, it has the highest
and lowest point on Earth, which are, respectively, Mount Everest (8,848m above
sea level) and the Dead Sea (392m below sea level).
Everest, in fact, is part of a mountain range called the
Himalayas, the result of the collision between two tectonic
plates. There are also other relief groups of the same type, such as the Ural
Mountains, the Zagros Mountains and several others. In addition, there are some
plateaus and several deserts, the largest of which is the Gobi
Desert in China.
The predominant climates are Siberian, Mediterranean, desert and monsoon. The
latter occurs on the coast of India and occurs due to differences in atmospheric
pressure between the mainland and the oceanic part close to the mainland,
causing heavy rains and strong droughts alternately during the year.
Economically, the main countries in Asia are Japan and China. The latter,
together with India, is the country that has registered the highest growth rates
in the world. Russia also plays an important role not only economically but also
politically, thanks to the fact that this country is the main heir to the
extinct Soviet Union, inheriting a good part of its nuclear arsenal.
Despite this, the main point of political-military tension on the continent
is the Middle East region, where territorial disputes between nations and the
greed on the part of several countries for Oil (abundant in the region) have
been generating several conflicts over the past years. Another point of tension
is between North Korea and South Korea.
From these general characteristics, we can see that Asia is truly the
continent of contrasts, both in climate, in relief, in customs, religions and