Following the 1999 constitution, Niger is a unitary
state, presidential, and with the intentions of a democratic
republic, but the country is politically very unstable. The
president is elected in the general election for five years
and can be re-elected once. He has wide powers and is both a
government leader and military commander. He also appoints a
prime minister who has certain executive responsibilities.
Legislative power has been added to a national assembly of
113 members, elected for five years in general elections and
with multi-party participation. Niger is characterized by
political and ethnic tensions.
Niger is divided into seven regions as well as the
metropolitan area. The regions are further divided into
smaller units. The country's ethnic tensions indicate
decentralization, but this can also threaten the country's
The judiciary includes a Supreme Court, a Supreme Court
of Justice, a State Security Court, a Court of Appeal, a
Court of First Instance and a Labor Court. The legislation
is based on French examples. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how NG can stand for Niger.