Western Sahara Political System

The Western Sahara is a disputed territory in North Africa, bordered by Morocco, Mauritania and Algeria. It is the largest non-self-governing territory in the world and its exact legal status is still being determined. The majority of the population are indigenous Sahrawi people who have been living in the region for centuries. The area has seen a long history of conflict as Morocco has sought to annex it, resulting in a decades-long war for independence. In recent years, the United Nations has been involved in negotiations with both sides to try to bring about a peaceful solution to the conflict. However, no agreement has been reached and the situation remains unresolved. Visit countryaah for countries that start with letter W.

On January 30, 2004, Polisario was able to celebrate its 30th anniversary, and the same day routinely extended Minurso’s mandate in Western Sahara to April 30.

In October, the UN Security Council unanimously passed a resolution extending the UN mission to April 30, 2005. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan stated in a report to the Council: dead end, in which the peace plan to give the people of Western Sahara autonomy is ». Ifht. in the presence of Minurso, Annan recommended that the status quo be maintained, or that at most 37 of the 203 military observers be withdrawn.

After 2 years of no rain or state visit, South Africa’s Foreign Minister Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini Zuma and a small committee representing the Tabo M’Beki government arrived at the Sahrawi camp. The visit was a strong call by the South African government, which has a high status within the African Cooperation Organization AU, to recognize Western Sahara’s right to self-determination, and demands for Morocco’s compliance with a number of UN resolutions, which it has so far ignored.

The fact that Algeria called on Morocco to respect Western Sahara’s right to self-determination meant that the summit of North African heads of state to be implemented in Libya at the end of May 2005 was postponed indefinitely. Otherwise, it should have been the first summit of its kind in a decade. At the same time, Polisario conducted a comprehensive demonstration of strength to show that the movement was willing to resume the armed struggle if necessary, and in response to the negotiation process being completely stalled. However, Morocco will easily be able to resume the armed struggle, and the force demonstration in Western Sahara’s capital therefore exhibited more clear discrepancies between Polisario’s leadership in exile and the leaders of Western Sahara.

In July 2005, Dutchman Peter van Walsum was appointed as the United Nations Secretary-General’s personal envoy and embarked on a tour of the region. In August, Polisario released 404 Moroccan prisoners of war, some of whom had spent more than 20 years in captivity in the refugee camps.

Communications Minister and Spokesman for the Government of Morocco, Nabil Benabdalá declared in October 2005 that Morocco “continues to envisage extensive autonomy (to the Sahara) within the framework of Morocco’s sovereignty and respect for the territorial integrity of the Kingdom”. See baglib.com for Western Sahara geography, climate, population, history and economy.

In April, the UN renewed MINURSO’s mandate once again, but the Kofi Annan report indicated that the World Organization was abandoning its hope of resolving the Western Sahara-Morocco conflict.

Despite the pessimistic mood in the UN, new negotiations between Morocco and Polisario were initiated in the first half of 2007. In June, delegations of both parties met for negotiations in New York. In July, Morocco declared its readiness to discuss “autonomy and nothing but autonomy”. Acc. However, the UN broker continued the negotiations without prior conditions.

In late 2009, Morocco conducted military maneuvers in Umm Dreiga, located in the ceasefire zone. It happened in violation of the ceasefire agreement.

The EU has signed agreements with Morocco on fishing in the waters off Western Sahara. In early 2010, a secret stamped report from the European Parliament’s Legal Office was leaked to the press. The report marks the fisheries agreement with Morocco as being in violation of international law.

In October, several thousand Sahrawi camps in Gdim Izik, a few kilometers from Laayoune, protested against the marginalization of the West Saharan population as well as the lack of jobs and housing. On November 8, Moroccan security forces attacked the camp being demolished and its inhabitants dispatched. Many residents got the hang of it and got their belongings destroyed. Immediately following this, unrest erupted in Laayoune. At least 13 were killed. The crew arrested about 200 who were subjected to torture and condescending treatment. 145 were charged with disturbing public order and 20 were transferred to a military court in Rabat.
In dissatisfaction with al Jazeera’s coverage of the Western Sahara conflict, Morocco closed the TV station’s office in the country.