Slovenia Political System

According to, with capital city of Ljubljana, Slovenia is a country located in Southern Europe with total population of 2,078,949.

Where is Slovenia

Following the Constitution of 1991, amended in 2000, Slovenia is a unified state parliamentary-democratic republic. The head of state, the president, is elected in the general election for five years. He has primarily ceremonial functions and can be re-elected once. The real executive power is added to the prime minister and government. The government is based on and is responsible to the elected National Assembly (Državni Zbor). The Assembly, which has the legislative authority, has 90 deputies, elected for four years. The Italian and Hungarian minorities have the right to elect one representative each to the assembly. There is also a national council of 40 members, who can propose laws and ask the national assembly to reconsider e.g. legislative decisions. The Council consists of representatives of employers and employees, but also other interest groups; to a large extent it has a corporate feel.


Administratively, Slovenia is divided into 193 municipalities, of which 11 are municipalities. Municipalities can join forces with others in regional cooperation. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how SI can stand for Slovenia.


The judiciary encompasses the Supreme Court, regional courts and district courts. In addition, there are separate labor courts and social courts, with a labor and social justice court. There is a separate constitutional court. The Supreme Court judges are elected by the National Assembly.

Presidents of Slovenia

Presidents of Slovenia since 1990.

1990-2002 Milan Kučan
2002-07 Janez Drnovšek
2007-2012 Danilo Türk
2012- Borut Pahor


For this republic, independent from the former Yugoslavia since 1991 and eager to assert its European identity on the Balkan heritage, the 21st century. opened with a government crisis (April 2000), caused by the resignation of nine ministers of the Slovenian People’s Party (SLS, Slovenska Ljudska Stranka ) which, merged with the Party of Christian Democrats (SKD, Slovenski Kr š è anki Demokrati ), therefore, allied itself with the Social Democratic Party (SDSS, Socialdemokrati è na Stranka Slovenije ), giving rise to the Slovenia Coalition (KL, Koalicija Slovenija ). To this belonged A. Bajuk, appointed prime minister of a transitional government destined to last until the elections scheduled for the following October. The ballots assigned 34 days to the Slovenian Liberal Democracy (LDS, Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije ), 14 to the SDSS, 11 to the United List of Social Democrats (ZLSD, Združena Lista Socialnih Demokratov ), 9 to the SLS and 8 to the New Slovenia Christian People’s Party (NSi, Nova Slovenija Kr š čanska Ljudska Stranka ), a party of which Bajuk had become secretary (August). Appointed prime minister in November, J. Drnovšek was soon elected (in the second round) president of the Republic. The role of prime minister was then filled by another LDS member, A. Rop. See for Slovenia travel guide.

At the beginning of 2004, the State Chamber ( Dr ž avni Zbor ) approved legislation intended to restore citizenship to 18,000 individuals who, although originally from other republics of the former Yugoslavia, resided in Slovenia at the time when it gained independence, following which they had been canceled from the registry and deprived of their right of residence. However, in April of the same year, in a referendum promoted by the SLS and other right-wing parties, 94 % of the voters (31 % of the eligible population) expressed their opposition to the adoption of the aforementioned legislation.

In the legislative elections of October 2004, the Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS, Slovenska Demokratska Stranka , renaming the old SDSS) unexpectedly had the upper hand over the leading party, the LDS, obtaining 29.1 % of the votes (29 seats), against 22, 8 % of the LDS (23 seats). J. Janša, leader of the SDS, was appointed prime minister and the new governing coalition was formed by the SDP, SLS, NSi and the Pensioners’ Party (DESUS, Demokrati è na Stranka Upokojencev Slovenije ). In February 2005 the State Assembly expressed its unconditional consent on the ratification of the draft of the European Constitution.

As far as foreign policy is concerned, Slovenia’s integration processes into the European Union and NATO were progressing smoothly. In a national referendum (March 2003) the population expressed their full consent to the country’s accession to both the EU (89.6 % of voters) and NATO (66.1%). In 2004 the Slovenia officially entered NATO (March) and the EU (May); the first elections for the European parliament saw, however, a low participation (about 28 %), while the economic repercussions of the measures necessitated by the adoption of the euro – which replaced the local currency, the tolar ( tolar ), in January 2007 – the enthusiasm of the population did not take long to cool.

Relations with Croatia, with which Slovenia had territorial disputes that arose in the aftermath of the acquisition of independence (in particular the Slovenian claim of a maritime outlet, the joint management of the Krško nuclear power plant and the sovereignty over some border villages), had, in the early years of the 21st century, a fluctuating trend: they improved in the aftermath of the political change brought to Croatia by the legislative elections of 2000, so much so that, the following year, an agreement was signed that guaranteed to the Slovenia access to the sea through the Bay of Piran, thesis returned in 2003, when Croatia announced plans to create an economic zone (later transformed into a project for a marine reserve) in the Adriatic, again threatening to deprive the Slovenia of access to international waters.