According to Countryaah.com, with capital city of Singapore, Singapore is a country located in Southeastern Asia with total population of 5,850,353.
Following the constitution of 1959, with amendments by 1996, Singapore is a unified state and democratic republic. The head of state, the president, is elected in the general election for six years. The real executive power lies with the government and the prime minister. The prime minister’s position is particularly strong because he also leads the completely dominant party, the People’s Action Party (PAP). This party has been in power continuously since 1959, and has usually held almost all the seats in the 84-member parliament. The MPs are elected in general elections for five years from single or multi-person constituencies. The policy is dominated by the almost state-carrying party and its leader, and has a slightly authoritarian character. To ensure national unity, a 21-member presidential council has also been established.
The judiciary is British in character, but since 1994 the British Privy Council Judicial Committee is no longer the supreme court of appeal. The country’s supreme court is the Supreme Court; it includes a court of appeal and a court of appeal. The President of the Supreme Court is appointed by the President after consultation with the Prime Minister. The other Supreme Court judges are also appointed by the President, but after consultation with the Supreme Court chair. The further courts are district courts, magistrates’ courts, juvenile courts, forensic and minor litigation courts. There is also a Muslim Sharia law and two labor rights. Since emphasis is placed on working life, the last two dishes are of great importance.
Singapore is divided into five districts but has no local government. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how SG can stand for Singapore.
Singapore – The capital of the capital
Singapore is a city-state, like the ancient Greek cities. It is one of the smallest and richest states in the world, and thrives on the trade in transit through its port: a port with an extraordinary position, which has become one of the most important. Then the city attracted industries, banks, multinationals, financial companies, developing enormous wealth, even if at the cost of rigid social control.
An island like many others
The territory of the Republic of Singapore is an island of less than 700 km 2 – less than half of the Municipality of Rome -, partly artificial, one third built, with around fifty islets. The Strait of Malacca, in which the island is located, has hundreds of others like it. Singapore Island, very close to the coast of the Malacca Peninsula, is easily accessible from land, has deep sea beds and well-sheltered bays: it is an excellent landing place.
After having hosted a fairly important ancient city but destroyed by a war at the end of the 14th century, until 1819 the island was almost deserted. The British East India Company leased it, then ceded it to the colonial government of India. The island was repopulated mainly with Chinese – hence the strong prevalence (more than three quarters) of the latter over a multi-ethnic population – and was equipped with good port facilities.
Its position had become very important in the nineteenth century: it was on the shortest and safest route, almost obligatory, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. This route was vital for half the world trade and is still one of the busiest routes today. Along the very popular routes, ports are still needed today (but even more so in the past), both for supplying supplies and for exchanging goods with the inland regions. In a strait full of islands, a port also serves as a control and support base for crossing the strait: for example, it provides practical seabed pilots, so that ships do not run the risk of hitting rocks and shallows.. Singapore thus increased its importance as a technical and commercial port – for example,
During the Second World War the Japanese occupied it to control the strait and prevent the trade of the English colonies. The city was bombed several times, but the port was kept up and running.
An ancient wealth
After the war, Singapore joined the federation of Malaysia, then broke away and became independent (1965). Its trade was increased by the free port (no taxes are paid to use the port, which is continually modernized); port-related industries – tin smelters, shipyards, refineries – were strengthened and new ones – textiles, electronics – were added to them. Today Singapore alternates with Rotterdam in first place in the world for port traffic. The airport is also among the first in the world.
The city has about 4,500,000 residents, with a very high density. The look is very modern, with many skyscrapers. Living conditions are high, income per person slightly less than that of Japan, but with strong social differences and a high cost of living.
Continuing to grow the port and the factories – and the residents – was not possible due to lack of space. So Singapore has proposed to banking, insurance, financial and multinational corporations – Japanese and Chinese species – very low taxes as long as the headquarters of their company was in Singapore: the city did not arrive more workers, but technicians, executives and managers from wages taller; business tourism to the city has increased, in addition to the usual one; the economy has shifted from industrial production to finance; the Singapore stock exchange is now one of the main markets in Asia.
The city is very tidy and neat, there are no strikes, little crime, little pollution, no corruption, no ethnic tension, everything works properly, the Internet is more widespread than in Europe, museums, art centers, theaters, all the comforts and all the assets are available – of course, for those who can afford them – and there is also a beautiful botanical garden. On the other hand, the government is considered authoritarian: there is little freedom of the press, strong population control, restrictions on individual freedoms, reduced trade union rights, the death penalty widely applied.