Qatar Political System

According to, with capital city of Doha, Qatar is a country located in Western Asia with total population of 2,881,064. Qatar is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and west, and Bahrain to the east. To the north, Qatar is bordered by the Persian Gulf, and to the southeast, Qatar shares a maritime border with Iran. The country’s only land border is with Saudi Arabia, which stretches for over 60 miles. This border has been disputed since June 2017 when it was closed off by Saudi Arabia. Qatar also shares maritime borders with Bahrain, Iran, and the United Arab Emirates. Due to its strategic location, Qatar has had a long history of being a pivot point between East and West. It has also become increasingly important in recent years due to its oil reserves as well as its status as an international financial hub. Visit countryaah for countries that start with letter Q.

Qatar is a monarchy ruled by the Al Thani clan, and the political power lies in the reality of the country’s emir. The country has no elected parliament, but an advisory assembly whose representatives are appointed by the emir. The country’s only elected body is a central council consisting of one representative from each of 29 constituencies with limited political influence.


Qatar got its first provisional constitution ahead of the independence from Britain in 1971, and it was revised one year later. The country was then given a new constitution in 2003 which came into force in 2005. According to this, Qatar is a unified state and still quite absolute monarchy. The head of state, the emir, has the supreme executive power and in practice also the legislative and constitutional functions and is the military commander in chief. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how QA can stand for Qatar.

Head of State and National Assembly

Traditionally, the emir has also been prime minister, but in 1996 the then emir, Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani appointed a younger brother to the prime minister. The government has traditionally been dominated by members of the Al Thani family, but this has subsequently been abandoned and a minority of ministers today belong to the Al Thani family.

The new Constitution of 2005 stipulates a separation of the legislative and executive power, and the establishment of a popularly elected national assembly, Majlis al-Shura. It has 45 members still nominated by the Emir. Elections to the National Assembly have been postponed several times, and will take place at the earliest in 2019. However, the Emir retains real power. An advisory assembly of 29 members was first elected in 1999, and elections have been held every four years since. Women have had the right to vote since the first election. See for Doha, Qatar transportation, shopping, eating and entertainment.

There are no political parties in Qatar. The ruling family is large, and peaceful palace coups have taken place several times, most recently in 1995, when Hamad Al Thani took power from his father Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani. At this time, Hamad had a great influence on the country’s politics for many years. He abdicated in 2013, handing over the throne to his son Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.


Under the new constitution, the former civil and Islamic courts are united. The Constitution is independent of the Constitution and operates on the basis of codified law. By the way, Muslims can use Islamic Sharia courts to settle personal disputes.


State of eastern Arabia, independent since 1971, located on a peninsula extending for about 200 km into the Persian Gulf, in the NS direction, and a maximum of 90 km wide.

The territory, desert and rocky, is constituted in the internal part by a karst plateau with slight undulations interrupted by small depressions, the only areas, together with the small coastal plains ( sabkha ) along the jagged coast, suitable for agriculture (cereals, vegetables, dates). Very arid climate, with strong temperature variations. About 53% of the residents, whose number varies due to the seasonal migration of Bedouins dedicated to pastoralism originating in Saudi Arabia, are made up of Sunni Arabs, 25% of Shiite Iranians, the remainder from other minorities (Indians and Pakistanis 15% etc.). The capital Doha it is a significant port in the Persian Gulf, equipped for the handling of containers; over 70% of the population lives there. Other cities: ar-Rayyan, al-Waqra, Umm Said.

Since the 1940s, the exploitation of extensive oil and natural gas fields has led to the abandonment of traditional economic activities (nomadic pastoralism and pearl harvesting) in favor of a strong development of the industry (petrochemical, steel, cement) and services, making it necessary to resort to foreign labor (Egyptians, Palestinians, Indians, Western technicians); however, the projected depletion of oil wells prompted Qatar to undertake a series of plans to diversify its production base.

Communications use approximately 1230 km between roads and motorways. International airport in Doha.