According to Countryaah.com, with capital city of Lisbon, Portugal is a country located in Southern Europe with total population of 10,196,720.
Constitution and political system
Portugal became a republic in 1910. Following the 1976 constitution, last amended in 2001, Portugal is a single-state, parliamentary- democratic republic. After the fall of the dictatorship in 1974, the governing body was for some time strongly shifted to the left, but since 1982 it has been constantly adapted to the pattern that characterizes most Western European countries.
The head of state is a president elected in the general election for five years. During the almost revolutionary period of the 1970s, the position of the president was strong; it has since weakened. The executive is now primarily with the prime minister and the government. The government is based on and is responsible to the Legislative Republican Assembly (Assembléia da Repúblika) with 230 elected members, who are elected in general elections for four years. The party system has gradually become firmer and more like the rest of Western Europe. The politics is characterized by the socialists on the left and the social democrats, who in Portugal are a center/right party. The Communist Party stood strong in the first years after the regime change, but has since lost influence. There are also several smaller center and right parties.
The islands of the Azores and Madeira are established as autonomous regions with their own governments and legislative assemblies. On the mainland there are 18 districts, which in turn are divided into 305 municipalities. The districts are led by state-appointed governors, while in the municipalities there are elected parliaments. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how PT can stand for Portugal.
Courts exist in three courts: Supreme Court, Appeal and District Courts. Supreme Court members are appointed for life by the Supreme Magistrate’s Council. The Portuguese legal system is influenced by the French.
Presidents of Portugal
|1910-1911||Joaquim Teófilo Braga|
|1911-1915||Manuel José de Arriaga|
|1915||Joaquim Teófilo Braga|
|1915-1917||Bernardino Luiz Machado Guimarães|
|1917-1918||Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais|
|1918-1919||João do Canto e Castro Silva Antunes|
|1919-1923||Antonio José de Almeida|
|1923-1925||Manuel Teixeira Gomes|
|1925-1926||Bernardino Luiz Machado Guimarães|
|1926-1951||Antonio Óscar de Fragoso Carmona|
|1951-1958||Francisco Higino Craveiro Lopes|
|1958-1974||Américo de Deus Rodrigues Tomás|
|1974||António de Spínola|
|1974-1976||Francisco da Costa Gomes|
|1976-1986||Antonio Ramalho Eanes|
|2006-2016||Aníbal Cavaco Silva|
|2016-||Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa|
Prime Ministers of Portugal
|1932-1968||António de Oliveira Salazar|
|1974||Adelino da Palma Carlos|
|1974-1975||Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves|
|1975-1976||José Baptista Pinheiro de Azevedo|
|1978||Alfredo Nobre da Costa|
|1978-1979||Carlos Mota Pinto|
|1979-1980||Maria de Lourdes Pintassilgo|
|1980||Francisco de Sá Carneiro|
|1981-1983||Francisco Pinto Balsemão|
|1985-1995||Aníbal Cavaco Silva|
|2002-2004||José Manuel Durão Barroso|
|2004-2005||Pedro Santana Lopes|
|2011-2015||Pedro Passos Coelho|