According to Countryaah.com, with capital city of Kathmandu, Nepal is a country located in Southern Asia with total population of 29,136,819.
The geographical recognition of the Nepal has progressed enormously after 1951, the year of the turning point, when the country was opened to foreign economic and cultural penetration after a hermetic closure that lasted two centuries. The advancement of knowledge is above all thanks to the German geographic school already animated by C. Troll (Bonn). The research, actually extended to the entire Nepal, particularly concentrated on the culmination area of the Himalayan range – Khumbu Himal – from which the summit of Everest emerges. The Khumbu Himal has also been published a beautiful color topographic map, in large format, at a scale of 1: 50,000. In this high or very high mountain region, not only the three-dimensional structure of geographical phenomena has been studied, but also the altimetric stratification of physical and human manifestations: vegetation, crops, settlement. In particular, the upper limit of the wood, often made up of birch trees in compact formation, oscillates around 4200 m above sea level The permanent settlement now stops at 4000 m, but some small fields planted with potatoes or buckwheat can be found up to 4300 m. Even higher up to reach an altitude of 5000 m rise the summer pastoral huts for the breeding of the yak, the Himalayan ox. The Mongoloid Sherpa civilization has adapted to these high altitudes. but some small fields cultivated with potatoes or buckwheat can be found up to 4300 m. Even higher up to reach an altitude of 5000 m rise the summer pastoral huts for the breeding of the yak, the Himalayan ox. The Mongoloid Sherpa civilization has adapted to these high altitudes. but some small fields cultivated with potatoes or buckwheat can be found up to 4300 m. Even higher up to reach an altitude of 5000 m rise the summer pastoral huts for the breeding of the yak, the Himalayan ox. The Mongoloid Sherpa civilization has adapted to these high altitudes.
The population of the Nepal also increases very rapidly, as in all the countries of the Indian space. The residents, who were 11,556,000 in 1971, were 15,023,000 at the next survey in 1981. An estimate for the year 1991 indicates a total of 19,360,000 units. The growth coefficient remains at 2.5% per year. The capital Kathmandu had 393,494 residents in 1981. More than half of the land area of the state is registered as unproductive high mountain. The residual surface yields crops of rice (36,000,000 q in 1991), corn (12,350,000 q) and wheat which are sufficient to feed the population.
The ” paddy ” par excellence is represented by the eastern Terai, that is, the list of plains that extends to the foot of the pre-Himalayan hills. The high plain is made up of loose alluvial soils, easy to work with, and is bordered downstream, towards the border with India, by minute, compact, impermeable alluvial soils. Therefore, here too a line of springs is formed which ensure water for the crops. In practice, however, the paddy field remains flooded due to the monsoon that is unleashed from June to October. Up to twenty years ago malaria raged in the Terai: more than two thirds of the population, who had to frequent this territory at the time of the monsoon for the cultivation of rice, was affected by it. But the energetic and capillary action carried out by World Health Organization, especially between 1956 and 1969, completely eradicated the dangerous disease. Today in the Terai, which covers an area of 23,000 km2, inhabits about a third of the Nepalese population.
The Provisional Constitution, which came into force on January 15, 2007, declared Nepal as a federal democratic republic. The king was deprived of all power in the transitional constitution, and the prime minister became the head of state. Formal introduction of the Republic took place on May 28, 2008, when the Constitutional Assembly met for the first time. The country had been a monarchy since 1769.
A new constitution came into force in 2015, declaring Nepal as a federal state with three levels of government: federal, provincial and local. The intention is to decentralize power from Kathmandu to the newly created seven provinces and to municipal units. One third of the seats are reserved for women at all three levels of government. A system has also been created to ensure representation of casteless, indigenous peoples and minority groups in the governing structures.
Following the 2015 Constitution, Nepal has seven provinces and municipal units. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how NP can stand for Nepal.
The judiciary includes a Supreme Court, appeals courts and district courts. The chairman of the Supreme Court is appointed by the king on the recommendation of a constitutional council, while other judges are appointed on the recommendation of a judicial council.
Nepal’s foreign policy
Nepal’s foreign policy is neutral and has been characterized by a balance between the powerful neighbors India and China. Almost all trade goes across the Indian border. In 2014, India and Nepal signed a trade and investment agreement.
The Maoist uprising (the civil war between Maoists and the Nepalese government, 1996–2006) made Nepal a new focal point in troubled South Asia. This created the nervousness of the superpower neighbor India, who feared that the uprising might spread across the borders of India’s own Maoists – the Naxalites. China has condemned the Maoists as “terrorists” and believes they have nothing in common with China’s revolutionary leader Mao Zedong. The United States, Britain and India have supported the military with military equipment.
Nepal’s relationship with neighboring Bhutan has been tense since the early 1990s, when 200,000 ethnic Nepalis were forced out of Bhutan.
Nepal has volunteer military service. The country contributes personnel and observers to UN peacekeeping operations. The United Kingdom has a training camp in Nepal for Ghurka forces. The total force numbers for Nepal’s armed forces are 96,600 active personnel. (2018, IISS). In addition, 15,000 semi-military police forces. The country has no air force of its own, and no navy.
The Army has 96,600 active personnel. Heavy equipment comprised 40 lorries, and 253 armored personnel vehicles. In addition two light transport aircraft, and 15 helicopters.
Nepal participated in 2018 UN operations in Central African Republic (MINUSCA) with 340 personnel, Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) with 884 personnel and 10 observers, in Iraq (UNAMI) with 77 personnel, in Lebanon (UNIFIL) with 871 personnel, in Libya (UNISMIL) with 229 personnel and one observer, in Mali (MINUSMA) with 153 personnel and three observers, in South Sudan (UNMISS) with 1745 personnel and 13 observers, in Sudan (UNAMID) with 359 personnel and seven observers, and in Syria/ Israel (UNDOF) with 333 personnel.