According to Countryaah.com, with capital city of Majuro, Marshall Islands is a country located in Micronesia with total population of 59,201.
After the Constitution of 1979, the Marshall Islands is a parliamentary-democratic republic; An agreement on free association with the United States from 1986, renegotiated in 2004, states that the islands are an independent state, but draws up foreign policy guidelines. Legislative authority has been added to an assembly called Nitijela, elected in the general election for four years. The Assembly, which has 33 members (called senators), elects the president, who is both head of state and head of government, among his own members for four years. The president then elects the other ministers from the assembly. The assembly is advised by a council of 12 members.
Administratively, the Marshall islands are divided into 34 municipalities. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how MH can stand for Marshall Islands.
The judiciary includes a Supreme Court and a Superior Court in addition to district and local community law. There are also traditional courts.
Marshall Islands defense
The United States is responsible for the defense of the Marshall Islands, and has a military presence there.
A plant on the island of Kwajalein plays an important role in the development and testing of the United States defense system for ballistic missiles.
Marshall Islands, Central-Eastern Pacific State Islands, consisting of two parallel festoons of coral atolls with NW-SE direction, located at 4 ° 30′-14 ° 45 ′ lat. N and 160 ° 50′-172 ° 10 ′ long. E. The eastern group is called Ratak (“dawn”); the western one Ralik (“sunset”).
- Physical characteristics and population
The Marshall include 29 atolls and five islands, including the largest known atoll, Kwajalein. They are beaten, from December to July, by the NE trade winds; the climate is remarkably mild, wetter in the southern islands, which are also the richest in vegetation and the most densely populated. Annual temperatures are between 25 and 31 ° C.
The pure indigenous population, in serious demographic decline following colonization, differs little from that of the remaining Micronesian archipelagos. Since 1969 the Bikini atoll, once the site, together with the other Eniwetok atoll, of nuclear tests, has been inhabited again and the most recent projects for a reorganization of the areas damaged by atomic tests date back to 1997. A US missile base is still installed on the Kwajalein Atoll, which pays a rent to the local government.
- Economic conditions
The economy of the Marshall Islands is based on agriculture (sweet potatoes, bananas and cassava for internal consumption, while copra is obtained from the coconut palm for export), on fishing (also important for the sale of licenses to foreign boats) and on aquaculture (in 1994 a plant, financed by the United States, was inaugurated for the cultivation of pearl oysters in the Arno atoll). The expansion of the service sector is strongly linked to the growing development of tourism. Exports, limited to fishery products and coconut cultivation, are mostly destined for the Federated States of Micronesia ; imports concern machinery, means of transport, food, minerals and basic industrial products, mainly from the United States and the US territory of Guam.