Geography of Calhoun County, Alabama

Calhoun County, situated in the northeastern part of Alabama, is a region characterized by its diverse geography, rich history, and vibrant communities. From its rolling hills and fertile valleys to its meandering rivers and tranquil lakes, Calhoun County offers a wealth of natural attractions and cultural heritage. In this detailed exploration, we’ll delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Calhoun County.


According to Shopareview, Calhoun County is located in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, covering an area of approximately 612 square miles (1,587 square kilometers). The county’s landscape is diverse, featuring rolling hills, fertile valleys, and forested slopes, as well as several rivers and lakes.

The county seat, Anniston, is situated in the central part of Calhoun County and serves as a hub for commerce, industry, and culture. Other communities in the county include Oxford, Jacksonville, and Piedmont, each with its own unique character and amenities.

The northern part of Calhoun County is characterized by its rugged terrain and steep slopes, while the southern part is more gently rolling and includes fertile farmland and pastureland. The Talladega National Forest, located in the southern part of the county, covers a significant portion of the landscape and provides opportunities for outdoor recreation, such as hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing.


Calhoun County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its location in the southeastern United States and its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico.

Summers in Calhoun County are typically hot and humid, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to low 90s Fahrenheit (around 24 to 34 degrees Celsius). Heatwaves are common during the summer months, with temperatures occasionally exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). Thunderstorms are frequent, bringing heavy rainfall, lightning, and gusty winds to the area.

Winters in Calhoun County are generally mild, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-30s to low 50s Fahrenheit (around 2 to 11 degrees Celsius). Snowfall is relatively rare but can occur occasionally during the winter months, particularly in the higher elevations and northern parts of the county. Most precipitation falls as rain, with occasional winter storms bringing a mix of snow, sleet, and freezing rain to the area.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons in Calhoun County, with mild temperatures and changing foliage making them pleasant times to visit. Spring brings the blooming of flowers and the greening of the landscape, while fall showcases the vibrant colors of changing leaves and the harvest of agricultural crops.

Annual precipitation in Calhoun County averages around 50 to 55 inches (about 1,270 to 1,400 millimeters), with rainfall distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Thunderstorms are most common in the summer months, while winter storms and frontal systems can bring heavy rain and occasional flooding.

Rivers and Lakes:

Calhoun County is blessed with an abundance of rivers, creeks, and lakes, which play a vital role in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreation.

The Coosa River, one of the major rivers in Alabama, forms the eastern boundary of Calhoun County, flowing from north to south and eventually joining the Alabama River near Montgomery. The Coosa River is known for its scenic beauty, clear waters, and abundant wildlife, including bass, catfish, and freshwater mussels. It offers opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking, as well as scenic drives and wildlife viewing along its banks.

In addition to the Coosa River, Calhoun County is also home to several smaller rivers and streams, such as Choccolocco Creek, Terrapin Creek, and Ohatchee Creek, which meander through the countryside and provide habitat for fish, wildlife, and vegetation. These waterways offer opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and tubing, as well as scenic beauty and wildlife viewing.

While Calhoun County does not have any natural lakes of significant size, it is home to several reservoirs and ponds, which provide water for irrigation, recreation, and wildlife habitat. These include reservoirs such as Lake Logan Martin and Lake Neely Henry, as well as smaller ponds and impoundments scattered throughout the county.

Vegetation and Wildlife:

Calhoun County’s diverse geography supports a variety of vegetation types, including hardwood forests, pine forests, wetlands, and grasslands. The county’s forests are dominated by species such as oak, hickory, pine, and cedar, which provide habitat for a wide range of wildlife, including deer, turkey, squirrel, and songbirds.

Wetlands and marshes are also important habitats in Calhoun County, providing nesting grounds for waterfowl, habitat for amphibians and reptiles, and filtration of water for the region’s rivers and streams. The county’s wetlands are home to species such as ducks, geese, herons, and turtles.

Common wildlife species in Calhoun County include white-tailed deer, raccoon, fox, and various species of birds, such as bald eagles, hawks, and woodpeckers. The region’s rivers and streams support a variety of fish species, including bass, crappie, and bream, which attract anglers from near and far.


In conclusion, Calhoun County, Alabama, offers a captivating blend of natural beauty, outdoor recreation, and cultural heritage. From its rolling hills and meandering rivers to its fertile valleys and tranquil lakes, the county’s geography reflects the unique character of the southeastern United States. Whether exploring the scenic waterways, hiking through the wooded hillsides, or simply enjoying the hospitality of its vibrant communities, Calhoun County has much to offer for residents and visitors alike.