According to Countryaah.com, with capital city of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic is a country located in North America with total population of 10,847,921.
State and politics
The constitution of the Dominican Republic is from 1966 with amendments by 2010. The executive power is exercised by a president, who is elected for a four-year term in direct, general elections. A vice president serves as the president’s deputy. The president appoints the members of his government and executes the congress’s decision. The National Congress exercises legislative power and consists of two chambers – the Senate with 32 and the Chamber of Deputies with 183 members. In the Senate, each province and the capital Santo Domingo are represented by a member. In the House of Representatives, the size of the population determines the number of representatives, but no province has fewer than two. The choices for the House of Representatives are proportional, with a blocking rule of 5%. Citizens over 18 (and married under 18) have the right to vote. Military and police may not vote.
Dominican politics has long been characterized by personal fixation, party fragmentation and widespread politician disdain. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how DR can stand for Dominican Republic. By far the leading personality was Joaquín Balaguer of Partido Reformista Social Cristiano (PRSC) who, at his death in 2002, was president for a total of 22 years for seven terms since 1966. His last election victory came in 1991 when he was 84 years old. Since then, both opposition parties Partido Revolucionario Dominicano (PRD) and Partido de la Liberación Dominicana(PLD) alternately held the presidential post. Their power holdings, however, have been characterized by corruption and extensive popular protests. The 2004 presidential election was won by Leonel Fernández (PLD). Fernández and PDL also won the election in 2008. During Fernández’s reign, the country experienced a relatively favorable economic development, and PDL was also strong ahead of the elections in 2012. However, Fernández was not allowed to run for another term, and instead Danilo Medina was named presidential candidate. He won with 51% of the vote against 47% for PRD’s main opponent Hipólito Mejía. The election results were questioned by the PRD who accused the government of electoral fraud. See also History.
The judicial organization consists of a supreme court, a number of appellate courts, general courts and petty courts. In addition, there are administrative and labor courts. The legal system is dominated by major codifications of the French-Spanish type, namely the Civil Code, the Civil Procedure Code, the Trade Code, the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and the Labor Code. The death penalty was abolished in 1966.
Heads of State
|1821-22||José Núñez de Cáceres|
|1822-44||occupied by Haiti|
|1856||Manuel de Regla-Motta|
|1861-65||occupied by Spain|
|1874||Ganier the abin|
|1880-84||Fernando de Merino|
|1903||Alejandro Wos y Gil|
|1904-06||Carlos Morales Lauguasco|
|1912-13||Adolfo Nouel and Bobadilla|
|1913-14||José Bordas Valdes|
|1916-22||Francisco Henriquez y Carvajal|
|1922-24||Juan Vicini Burgos|
|1930||Rafael Estrella Urena|
|1940-42||Manuel Troncoso de la Concha|
|1952-60||Héctor Trujillo Molina|
|1963||Emilio de los Santos|
|1963-65||Donald Reid Cabral|
|1965||José Molina Urena|
|1965-66||Hector García-Godoy Cáceres|
|1978-82||Antonio Guzmán Fernandez|
|1982||Jacobo Majluta Azar|
|1982-86||Salvador Jorge Blanco|
|2000-2004||Rafael Hipólito Mejía Domínguez|