According to Countryaah.com, with capital city of San Jose, Costa Rica is a country located in North America with total population of 5,094,129.
Since 1889, Costa Rica has had a democratic, republican and unified state system. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how CR can stand for Costa Rica. After the 1948 presidential riots, riots arose, and for a short time the country was ruled by a military junta. After the riots, democracy was reinstated and a new constitution was adopted in 1949. All presidential elections have since proceeded democratically, and Costa Rica has emerged as Latin America’s most stable democracy. As in most other Latin American countries, the executive power is added to a popularly elected president, elected for four years. The Legislative Authority has added a national assembly of 57 members elected in the general election for four years. There is a vote from the age of 18. The most important parties have traditionally been the Social Democratic Liberation Party PLN and the Christian-Social Party PUSC, but after debuting with a 21 percent vote, 9% and 14 of the seats in the National Assembly at the 2002 elections, the newly formed Civil Action Party PAC increased its support to 25.3% and 17 seats at the 2006 election, thus becoming the country’s second largest party. The steering set is relatively stable. Under the constitution, under normal conditions, the country cannot have a national army.
Administratively, the country is divided into seven provinces, led by presidential governors. The provinces are divided into cantons and cantons into districts. In each canton there is an elected council, but the local government is strictly regulated by national law.
The country’s highest court is the Supreme Court and consists of 22 judges, elected by the National Assembly for eight years. The election period will be automatically renewed unless the Assembly by 2/3 majority decides otherwise. The Supreme Court, when meeting as Corte plena, may try to pass legislative acts in relation to the Constitution. In addition to the Supreme Court, there are four appeals courts and a number of criminal and civil courts. There are also some special courts. Judges of the local courts are appointed by the Supreme Court’s Supreme Council of five members. The jury system is not used in Costa Rica.
Presidents of Costa Rica
Presidents of Costa Rica from 1936.
|1936-1940||León Cortés Castro|
|1940-1944||Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia|
|1944-1948||Teodoro Picado Michalski|
|1948||Santos León Herrera|
|1948-1949||José Figueres Ferrer|
|1949-1953||Otilio Ulate Blanco|
|1953-1958||José Figueres Ferrer|
|1958-1962||Mario Echandi Jiménez|
|1962-1966||Francisco José Orlich Bolmarcich|
|1966-1970||José Trejos Fernandez|
|1970-1974||José Figueres Ferrer|
|1974-1978||Daniel Oduber Quiróz|
|1978-1982||Rodrigo Carazo Odio|
|1982-1986||Luis Alberto Monge Álvarez|
|1986-1990||Oscar Arias Sánchez|
|1990-1994||Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier|
|1994-1998||José María Figueres Olsen|
|1998-2002||Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Echeverría|
|2002-2006||Abel Pacheco de la Espriella|
|2006-2010||Oscar Arias Sánchez|
|2010-2014||Laura Chinchilla Miranda|
|2014-2018||Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera|
|2018-||Carlos Alvarado Quesada|