Botswana Political System

According to, with capital city of Gaborone, Botswana is a country located in Southern Africa with total population of 2,351,638.

Where is Botswana

See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how BC can stand for Botswana.

Country data

Area: 582,000 km2 (world ranking: 47)

Residents: 2,292,000

Population density: 4 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 141)

Capital: Gaborone

Official languages: English

Gross domestic product: US $ 17.4 billion; Real growth: 2.4%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 6820 US$

Currency: 1 Pula (P) = 100 Thebe


Lennéstr. 5, 10785 Berlin
Telephone 030 887195010,
Fax 030 887195012

Head of State and Government: Mokgweetsi MasisiSlumber Tsogwane, Outside: Vincent T. Seretse

National holiday: 30.9.

Administrative structure
10 districts and 6 self-governing cities

State and form of government
Constitution of 1966
Presidential Republic (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament: National Assembly with 63 members (57 elected, 4 appointed, 2 ex officio), election every 5 years; Advisory chief chamber (House of Chiefs) with a maximum of 35 appointed for 5 years Member..
Choice of head of state by Parliament every 5 years (renewable once)
Voting age 18 years

Population: Botsuaner, last census in 2011: 2,024,904 residents.
95 % Bantu: mainly Sotho-Tswana (including Bamangwato, Bakwena) and Schona; 2.4% San, 1.3% other

Cities (with population): (As of 2011) Gaborone 231,592 pop., Francistown 98,961, Molepolole 66,466, Maun 60,263, Mogoditshane 58,079, Serowe 50,820, Selebi-Phikwe 49,411, Kanye 47,007

Religions: 72% Christians (especially Protestants), 6% Badimo (indigenous religion); 21% without religion (as of 2006)

Languages: English; Setswana et al. Bantu languages Employed

By economic sector: no information

Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
no information

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.3%

Foreign trade: Import: 5.1 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 5.9 billion (2017)



Gaborone, capital of Botswana; 227,300 residents (2011). The city is located on the Johannesburg-Bulawayo railway near the South African border. It became the capital the year before independence in 1966; previously the colony was administered from Mafeking in South Africa. Gaborone was then a great village; it is now growing strongly with modern state administration, the country’s university and other service functions. However, this growth causes problems; Initially (in 1962), Gaborone was planned based on a population of 20,000. Despite its location on the Ngotwane River, water supply is one of the most serious problems.