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Thailand's Political System

Political System of Thailand's Political SystemThailand became a parliamentary-democratic constitutional monarchy after the abolition of the absolute kingdom in 1932. Since 1932, Thailand has been through twelve military coups and nineteen different constitutional, interim constitutional and constitutional charters.

As a general rule, the executive has been with the prime minister and the government and the legislative authority of the two chambers of the National Assembly: the Senate (Wuthisapha) and the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon). Since the 2014 military coup, both executive and legislative authority have been added to the National Council for Peace and Order, led by General Prauyt Chan-o-cha. The junta has further appointed a legislative assembly of 250 representatives. A new constitution is being prepared.

Political System of Thailand

Administratively

Administratively, Thailand is divided into 77 provinces (jangwat); further into districts (amphoe), sub-districts (king amphoe), municipalities (tambon), villages (muban). See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how TH can stand for Thailand. In the provinces, government-appointed governors govern, while government officials in fact govern at the district level. The steering set is fairly centralized; only in the metropolitan area does local government have an independent meaning.

Judiciary

The judiciary has from an old age been influenced by the Hindu Manu smriti court. In the late 1800s, Western law began to take effect. It now plays a significant role. The Supreme Court is the Supreme Court, where the judges are nominated by the King. Furthermore, there is a court of appeal, magistrates' courts and first instance courts. In addition, there are labor courts and juvenile courts. Judges can only be appointed and dismissed after approval by a Judicial Service Commission.

Thailand's defense

Thailand has military service with two years of military service. The total strength of Tahiland's armed forces is 360,850 active personnel, with a reserve of 200,000 personnel (2018, IISS). In addition, 93,700 are semi-military, with a reserve of 45,000.

Army

For the army, the force is about 245,000 active personnel, of which about 115,000 are conscripts. Heavy equipment includes 360 tanks (105 M48, 178 M60, 49 T-84 and 28 VT-4), 194 light tanks (104 Scorpion, 66 Stingray and 24 M41), 168 storm tanks and 1140 armored personnel vehicles. The Army also has 19 light transport aircraft, 33 training aircraft, 291 helicopters, seven of which are Cobra- type combat helicopters, and four medium- duty drones.

Air Force

The Air Force has a workforce of about 46,000 active personnel. Materials include 78 fighters (one F-5B FreedomFighter, 24 F-5 Tiger II, and 53 F-16), 11 fighter central Saab, 17 light attack aircraft, two ELINT aircraft, two AEW & C-plane, five reconnaissance, 42 transport aircraft, 111 training aircraft (of which 16 Alpha Jet, 26 L-39 Albatros and two T-50 which can also be used as light fighter aircraft), and 37 helicopters.

The Navy

The Navy has a staff of 69,850 active personnel, including 23,000 Marines. The fleet includes one light aircraft carrier, eight frigates, seven corvettes, 75 patrol vessels, 17 minesweepers, one dock landing vessel, 16 landing craft, and 13 auxiliary vessels. In addition, the Navy has 27 aircraft and 28 helicopters.

Semi-military forces

Semi-military forces include police forces and the voluntary irregular force Thahan Phran, which has a workforce of 21,000 personnel.

International operations

Thailand participated in 2018 with observers in UN operations in India/Pakistan (UNMOGIP), Sudan (UNAMID) and South Sudan (UNMISS).

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