Following the 1994 Constitution, amended in 2003,
Tajikistan is a unified state, presidential and democratic
republic. The head of state, the president, is elected in
the general election for five years. He leads the executive,
appoints the prime minister, government and key officials
and is a military commander. Legislative power has been
added to the National Assembly, which has two chambers. The
House of Representatives (Majlis-Namojandagon) has
63 members elected in direct elections for five years. The
Upper House (Majlis-Millij) has 33 members; 25
elected and eight appointed by the president. In addition,
former presidents have seats in the upper house. The board
is unstable; the country has been marked by great
contradictions, partly civil war, and the central government
does not have effective control over the country.
Administratively, the country of Tajikistan is divided into three
regions (oblasts) and the metropolitan area. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how TJ can stand for Tajikistan. In
addition comes the autonomous region of Gorno-Badakhshan.
The regions are divided into districts and cities.
The judiciary includes the Constitutional Court, the
Supreme Court, the Supreme Economic Court, the Military
Court, the Gorno-Badakhshan Court, regional courts, a
capital of the capital as well as local courts. Supreme
Court judges are appointed by the president.