Following the 1987 Constitution, Suriname is a combined
presidential and parliamentary-democratic unity state. The
head of state, the president, is elected by the National
Assembly for five years. He heads the government, the
Cabinet and the Security Council, is a military commander
and appoints the members of the government. The Vice
President is also the Prime Minister. The Government is
responsible to the National Assembly. Legislative authority
is added to the National Assembly, which is elected in the
general election for five years and has 51 members. In
addition to the president, the Cabinet includes
representatives of a number of interest groups, the armed
forces and the political parties in the National Assembly.
The Council is important. It shall advise the Government and
the National Assembly and supervise their activities; it can
suspend legislative decisions it believes violate the
Administratively, the country of Suriname is divided into nine
districts as well as the metropolitan area. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how SR can stand for Suriname.
The judiciary includes a judicial court and three
cantonal courts. The legislation is based on Dutch and
The total force figures for Suriname's armed forces are
1840 active personnel (2018, IISS). All military forces fall
under the army, and the country does not have its own air
force or navy.
Materials include six light trucks and 15 armored
personnel vehicles. One sea component has 240 active
personnel and 10 patrol vessels, and an air component has
200 active personnel, three aircraft and three helicopters.