Following the Constitution of 1991, amended in 2000,
Slovenia is a unified state parliamentary-democratic
republic. The head of state, the president, is elected in
the general election for five years. He has primarily
ceremonial functions and can be re-elected once. The real
executive power is added to the prime minister and
government. The government is based on and is responsible to
the elected National Assembly (Državni Zbor). The
Assembly, which has the legislative authority, has 90
deputies, elected for four years. The Italian and Hungarian
minorities have the right to elect one representative each
to the assembly. There is also a national council of 40
members, who can propose laws and ask the national assembly
to reconsider e.g. legislative decisions. The Council
consists of representatives of employers and employees, but
also other interest groups; to a large extent it has a
Administratively, Slovenia is divided into 193
municipalities, of which 11 are municipalities.
Municipalities can join forces with others in regional
cooperation. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how SI can stand for Slovenia.
The judiciary encompasses the Supreme Court, regional
courts and district courts. In addition, there are separate
labor courts and social courts, with a labor and social
justice court. There is a separate constitutional court. The
Supreme Court judges are elected by the National Assembly.
Presidents of Slovenia
Presidents of Slovenia since 1990.