State and politics
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a parliamentary
democracy and an independent state within the Commonwealth.
The British monarch is the head of state and is represented
by a general governor. Parliament consists of a chamber of
15 elected members and 6 appointed senators. The latter are
appointed by the Governor-General after consultation with
the Prime Minister and the opposition leader. The United
Labor Party (ULP), which was formed through a merger of
two smaller left parties prior to the 1994 elections, has
ruled since the 2001 election victory, when the economically
and socially liberal middle party New Democratic Party
(NDP) lost government power. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how VCT can stand for St. Vincent and The Grenadines.
The basis of the legal order is regarded as English law
as it appeared in 1763, but the later legal development also
follows close to that in England. The judiciary consists of
Magistrates' Courts, the High Court and
the Court of Appeal of the Eastern Caribbean Supreme
Court, with the option of appeal to the Privy
Council in London. The death penalty can be punished
for some serious crimes.