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Panama's Political System

Following the 1972 Constitution, with several subsequent amendments, Panama is a unified state, presidential republic. The president is both the head of state and the head of government and is elected in general elections for five years without the possibility of re-election. The president has wide powers, but his position depends on military support. The National Assembly consists of 71 representatives elected for five years from local districts. Politics are characterized by loose party coalitions as well as personal and clan rivalry, as well as the military traditionally held a strong position.

Political System of Panama

Administrative division

Panama is divided into nine provinces and three autonomous Native American reserves. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how PM can stand for Panama. The provinces are governed by a president-appointed governor and are under strong central control. There are 67 local districts which are again divided into municipalities. The local districts have some self-government, under elected councils and a council-elected mayor.

Judiciary

The courts are presided over by a supreme court with nine presidential judges, five court judges, mobile courts and local judges.

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