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North America


With its wide range from north to south, the continent spans all climatic zones: polar climates in northern Canada, Alaska and Greenland, temperate in most of Canada and the United States, subtropical in Mexico and tropical in Florida, the Caribbean and southernmost Mexico. Read more about the climate in North America.


The oldest stable core (craton) of the North American continent is made up of a large Precambrian-Cambrian continent, Laurentia, where the bedrock is today exposed in the Canadian Shield and Greenland, while in the interior (Interior Platform) is covered by younger deposits and basins. Read more about North America (Geology).

Plant growth

Farther to the north is the Arctic tundra, and to the south of it a wide boreal coniferous belt, reminiscent of the corresponding zone in Europe and Siberia. Here, species of spruce, fir and larch dominate, and large areas are covered with mosses and bogs. Read more about plant growth in North America.


To the north, in Canada and Alaska, there are many circumpolar species that are also known from Europe and Siberia, such as polar bears, brown bears, wolves, wolves, elk, and reindeer and red deer, which in North America are called respectively. caribou and wapiti. Read more about North America's wildlife.


In the US and Canada, English is dominant, while Spanish is the main language in Mexico and parts of the Caribbean.


A date of human presence in North America has not been precisely ascertained. The most common assumption is that Asian peoples in the period between 30,000 and 10,000 years BC. traveled from Siberia across the Berings Strait.


The first Europeans to come to North America were Norwegians. SV Greenland remained in 900-t. colonized from Iceland, and from Greenland, Leif the Happy came around 1000 with an expedition to the eastern coast of Canada, and built a short-lived settlement, Vinland; remnants of such a settlement are found at L'Anse-aux-Meadows on the northern tip of Newfoundland.

Independent states Capital city in. (1000) approx. 1997 Area (km2)
Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 64 442
Bahamas Nassau 284 13864
Barbados Bridgetown 300 430
Belize Belmopan 219 23000
Canada Ottawa 28900 9980000
Costa Rica San Josť 3370 51100
Cuba Havana 10950 110860
Dominica Roseau 67 751
Dominican Rep. Santo Domingo 8090 48440
El Salvador San Salvador 5790 21041
Grenada St. George's 99 378
Guatemala Guatemala City 11680 108889
Haiti Port-au-Prince 7000 27750
Honduras Tegucigalpa 5750 112100
Jamaica Kingston 2500 11425
Mexico Mexico City 96000 1970000
Nicaragua Managua 4390 130671
Panama Panama City 2700 75517
St. Christopher and Nevis Basseterre 45 262
St. Lucia Castries 151 617
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 118 389
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 1270 5124
USA Washington, DC 266000 9370000
non-self-contained areas
Anguilla (GB) The Valley 11 96
Aruba (NL) Oranjestad 63 193
Bermuda (GB) Hamilton 60 53
British Virgin Islands Road Town 18 130
Cayman Islands (GB) George Town 35 259
Greenland (DK) Nuuk 56 2170000
Guadeloupe (F) Lower Terre 417 1705
Dutch Antilles Willemstad 197 800
Martinique (F) Fort-de-France 403 1080
Montserrat (GB) Plymouth 4 102
Puerto Rico (USA) San Juan 3800 9104
St. Pierre and Miquelon (F) St-Pierre 7 242
Turks and Caicos Islands (GB) Grand Turk 14 497
US Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie 97 342
Political classification

Central America

Central America lies in a geologically very active area, the collision zone between the two small lithosphere plates Cocos plate and Caribbean plate. This creates the Puerto Rico tomb and the movements result in a very high earthquake frequency, which, like the many volcanoes, is especially concentrated in the western part of the area. Ca. 25 volcanoes have been active since 1800. The northern and eastern parts consist of crystalline shales and granites formed by pre- carbon mountain ranges, as well as volcanic rocks (basalt, andesite) and Tertiary granites. There are smaller deposits of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, chromium, iron and manganese. According to Countryaah, oil is produced in Guatemala and southern Mexico.

Countries in North America
  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Bahamas
  3. Barbados
  4. Belize
  5. Bermuda
  6. Canada
  7. Costa Rica
  8. Cuba
  9. Dominica
  10. Dominican Republic
  11. El Salvador
  12. Greenland
  13. Grenada
  14. Guatemala
  15. Haiti
  16. Honduras
  17. Jamaica
  18. Mexico
  19. Nicaragua
  20. Panama
  21. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  22. Saint Lucia
  23. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  24. Trinidad and Tobago
  25. United States

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