Following the 1968 Constitution, which came into force
when the country became independent, Nauru is a unified
state and parliamentary-democratic republic. Legislative
authority has been added to an elected parliament with 18
members; it is chosen for up to three years. The president,
who is both the head of state and the head of government, is
elected by parliament. The members of the government start
from and meet in parliament. The government is accountable
to Parliament. The administration is carried out jointly by
the Government and the Naurus Local Government Council. The
latter has nine members, elected from the country's 14
districts. The council is headed by a chief.
This includes a Supreme Court, a District Court and a
Nauru has no military forces. The defense of Nauru is
taken care of by Australia. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how NA can stand for Nauru.
State and politics
Nauru is a parliamentary-democratic republic within the
Commonwealth of Nations. The president is both the head of
state and the prime minister. The president is elected by
and among the 18 members of the elected parliament. These
are chosen directly for up to 3 years. The government has
5-6 members and is accountable to parliament.
Nauru is divided into 14 administrative districts.
There are no armed forces, but have a small police force
under civilian control. Australia has an informally agreed
responsibility for Naurus defense.
Nauru is a member of the UN, the Commonwealth, the World
Health Organization and the Pacific Islands Forum.