Monaco is a principality ruled by the Grimaldi family
since 1297. Under the 1962 constitution, the prince's
authority is no longer a divine right, but the prince's
status is inherited in the family; from 2005 there is also
female succession right. This symbolic modification of the
prince's position is accompanied by some real
democratization of governance. The executive is run, under
the prince, by a government, led by a prime minister, while
the legislative authority is divided between the prince and
a nationally elected council. The National Council has 24
members elected in the general election for five years.
Monaco does not have regular parties, but candidates are
grouped into lists (there are ratio choices). See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how MC can stand for Monaco. Lists
representing an opposition to the prince have at the height
elected two representatives to the National Council.
Constitutional amendments require the approval of the
The city is divided into four districts.
The judiciary is similar to France. It includes a peace
judge, a court of first instance, a court of appeal, a
criminal court and the supreme court.