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Monaco's Political System

Monaco is a principality ruled by the Grimaldi family since 1297. Under the 1962 constitution, the prince's authority is no longer a divine right, but the prince's status is inherited in the family; from 2005 there is also female succession right. This symbolic modification of the prince's position is accompanied by some real democratization of governance. The executive is run, under the prince, by a government, led by a prime minister, while the legislative authority is divided between the prince and a nationally elected council. The National Council has 24 members elected in the general election for five years.

Political System of Monaco

Monaco does not have regular parties, but candidates are grouped into lists (there are ratio choices). See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how MC can stand for Monaco. Lists representing an opposition to the prince have at the height elected two representatives to the National Council. Constitutional amendments require the approval of the National Council.

The city is divided into four districts.


The judiciary is similar to France. It includes a peace judge, a court of first instance, a court of appeal, a criminal court and the supreme court.

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