Following the 1992 Constitution, Mauritius is a
parliamentary democratic republic and a united state. The
head of state is a president elected by the National
Assembly for five years. His functions are primarily formal.
The prime minister and the government have added executive
power. These are responsible to the National Assembly, which
is elected for five years. The assembly includes one
president, 62 representatives elected in general elections
and up to eight other representatives; these are appointed
by an election commission to ensure an ethnic and regional
balance in the assembly. The Attorney General also has a
seat in the Assembly if he is not elected in the ordinary
Administratively, the country of Mauritius is divided into nine
districts and three dependent areas. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how MU can stand for Mauritius.
The judiciary is based on both French and English law.
The courts include the Supreme Court, a civil and a criminal
court of appeal (where Supreme Court judges sit), an
intermediate court, an industrial court and ten district
courts. In some cases, appeals may be brought before the
Judicial Committee of the British Privy Council.