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Malta Politics

State and politics

Malta is a republic within the Commonwealth with parliamentary governance. The constitution dates from 1964, when the country became independent, but was reworked when the Republic was introduced in 1974. The government has executive power, while Parliament (the House of Representatives) makes laws. Parliament has 69 members, who are appointed according to a proportional electoral system. The voting age and eligibility age is 18 years. The president is head of state, but has exclusively representative duties. The President is elected by Parliament for a term of five years.

Political System of Malta

Political life is completely dominated by two parties: the Nationalist Party (the " Nationalist Party ") and the Malta Labor Party ("the Labor Party"). The Nationalist Party is a market liberal party with Christian values. The Workers' Party is a social democratic party that advocates greater state intervention in the economy and social life. The differences between the parties, which were particularly significant in the 1960s and 1970s, have diminished since the beginning of the 2000s, when Malta joined the EU. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how MT can stand for Malta.

However, party affiliation is still an important part of the residents' identity and also determines both place of residence and social interaction. The changes in election results are small, and the two major parties, the only ones with parliamentary representation, each get about half of the electorate votes. When the Labor Party won the parliamentary elections in March 2013 with 54% of the vote, this was the biggest overweight for any party since independence.

Judiciary

The legal system in Malta is based on a codification carried out between 1854 and 1873 according to the French pattern. You have a civil law, a trade law and a criminal law. Public law bears British mark. The highest court is the Court of Appeal, under which there is a system of different courts for litigation, commercial and criminal cases. Malta also has a constitutional court. The death penalty was abolished in 2000; the last execution took place in 1943.

Heads of State

Presidents

1974-76 Anthony Mamo
1976-82 Anton Buttigieg
1982-87 Agatha Barbara
1987-89 Paul Xuereb
1989-94 Vincent Tabone
1994-99 Ugo Mifsud Bonnici
1999-2004 Guido de Marco
2004-09 Edward Fenech Adami
2009-14 George Abela
2014-19 Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
2019- George Vella
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