Since independence from Britain in 1974, Grenada has
formally been a parliamentary-democratic unitary state and a
member of the Commonwealth. The British Queen is formally
the head of state. She is represented by a Governor General.
Legislative authority has been added to a parliament
consisting of a senate with 13 nominated members (10
nominated by the prime minister and three by the opposition
leader) and a House of Representatives with 15 members. The
latter are chosen in general elections from single-person
circles for up to five years. The voting age is 18 years.
The executive has been added to a government, which is
responsible to the House of Representatives. The Prime
Minister must be a member of the House of Representatives.
The country's politics have been marked by instability.
The judiciary is administered by the Eastern Caribbean
Supreme Court with its seat in St. Lucia, consisting of a
Supreme Court and an Appeal Court. Two of the Supreme Court
judges are located in Grenada. Local magistrates' courts
will be sentenced in the first instance.
Grenada does not have military forces. The security is
provided by a police force. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how GD can stand for Grenada.