Constitution and political system
The National Assembly passed a new constitution in 2005,
but this was rejected by the King. A revised version was
then adopted and entered into force in 2006. According to
this, Swaziland is a unitary monarchy. The king is quite
unanimous, he appoints the government and can dissolve the
National Assembly. The Legislative Assembly is called
Libandla and consists of two houses, the National
Assembly and the Senate. The National Assembly consists of
65 deputies, 55 elected in the general election following
the nomination of the local councils (Tinkhundla),
and 10 appointed by the king. The Senate has 30 members, 20
appointed by the King and 10 elected by the National
Assembly. Parties are not allowed, but some political
associations have emerged since 1996.
The country of Swaziland is divided into four districts. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how WZ can stand for Swaziland. In addition,
there are 273 regional tribal areas; these are gathered in
55 Tinkhundla, local electoral districts. The administrative
division reflects the traditional style of governance.
The judiciary encompasses two parallel court hierarchies
and reflects the two-tiered political system:
traditional-modern. One court hierarchy is structured
according to the British pattern, with a supreme court, an
appeals court and district courts. The second hierarchy
consists of 17 Swazi courts. They include in addition to
first instance courts, two appeal courts and a higher court
of appeal. Their jurisdiction is limited in both civil and
criminal cases, and does not include non-Swazi citizens. The
Swaziland Supreme Court can appeal decisions from the Swazi
Supreme Court of Appeal. All judges are appointed by the
King, but the courts are relatively independent.
Weights and Measures
Dimensions and weight are British and metric.