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Czech Political System

Following the 1993 constitution, the Czech Republic is a unified state and a democratic-parliamentary republic. The head of state, the president, is primarily a constitutional head of state, but the country's first president, Václav Havel, played an important political role, not least by virtue of its moral leadership. The president appoints the prime minister, government and other key officials, as well as representing the state overseas and formally being military commander in chief. Prior to the 2013 presidential election, the president was elected by the two chambers of the legislative assembly for five years with the possibility of one re-election. With the 2013 election, the president is elected in direct elections. To be eligible for election, a candidate must either have the support of 20 MPs or senators or the signature of 50,000 eligible voters. If a candidate does not get a majority, a second ballot is held.

Political System of Czech Republic

The executive is in fact with the prime minister and the government. The government is based on, and is responsible for, the lower chamber of the Legislative Assembly, the Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká Sněmovna). It has 200 members and is elected for four years; the second chamber, the senate, has 81 members and is elected for six years, so the third party is replaced every other year. Both chambers are elected in general elections.

Following the collapse of the communist regime in 1989 (the "velvet revolution") and the dissolution of the federation with Slovakia from 1993, the Czech Republic has built a new state and a new political system. The party system has been under development, the most important being the Liberal Conservative ODS and the Social Democratic ČSSD. Other important parties are the Communist Party KSČM, the Christian Democrats KDU – ČSL and the Right Party TOP 09. Newer minor parties are SPOZ, Věci veřejné, ANO, Dawn for Direct Democracy and LIDEM.

Administratively

Administratively, the Czech Republic is divided into 14 regions (kraj), among them the Prague metropolitan area. They are led by a people-elected council, with associated executive bodies. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for how EZ can stand for Czech Republic.

Judiciary

The judiciary includes a Supreme Court, the Supreme Administrative Court, convicts, regional courts and district courts. It is also a constitutional court of its own.

Presidents of the Czech Republic

Period President
1993-2003 Václav Havel
2003-2013 Václav Klaus
2013- Miloš Zeman

Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic

Period Prime minister
1992-1997 Václav Klaus (ODS)
1997-1998 Josef Tošovský (partyless)
1998-2002 Miloš Zeman (ČSSD)
2002-2004 Vladimír Špidla (ČSSD)
2004-2005 Stanislav Gross (ČSSD)
2005-2006 Jirí Paroubek (ČSSD)
2006-2009 Mirek Topolánek (ODS)
2009-2010 Jan Fischer (independence).
2010-2013 Petr Nečas (ODS)
2013-2014 Jiří Rusnok (uh.)
2014-2017 Bohuslav Sobotka (ČSSD)
2017- Andrej Babiš
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